01 Film copyright licensing
Want to screen a film in public? You'll need to consider film copyright licensing.
To screen a film to the public, you need permission from the film’s copyright owner. Usually this is its UK distributor. Permission may be granted in the form of a licence or a film booking.
The licensing of films for non-theatrical, Blu-ray/DVD screenings can be complicated, but the vast majority of films are available through three major gateway distributors: the BFI, Filmbankmedia or MPLC.
The BFI and Filmbankmedia offer online catalogues (see BFI’s DVD catalogue, Filmbankmedia’s catalogue) where you can search to see if they have the rights to a particular film. For details of MPLC’s catalogue, you’ll need to contact their licensing team.
To book films non-theatrically from the BFI, contact their bookings team.
To book from Filmbankmedia and MPLC you will need to purchase one of their licensing options. They both offer options for commercial and non-commercial screenings with guidelines to help you decide which is appropriate for you.
Popular licensing options
- Filmbankmedia – Single Title Screening Licence
The Single Title Screening Licence (STSL) is issued on a title-by-title basis. This allows you to screen films from Filmbankmedia’s online catalogue, in either commercial (paid audience) or non-commercial (free of charge) environments as well as promote the screening outside of the venue itself.
- Filmbankmedia – Public Video Screening Licence
The Public Video Screening Licence (PVSL) is an annual licence for premises where films will be shown regularly to a non-paying audience for background / ambient use. You can screen an unlimited number of films per year from this list of participating studios and distributors, and from your own DVD copies.
- MPLC – Single Title MPLC Movie Licence
The Single Title MPLC Movie Licence is issued on a title-by-title basis. This allows you to screen films from the MPLC’s Movie Licence Producer list, in either commercial (paid audience) or non-commercial (free of charge) environments, using your own DVD or download file purchased from any legitimate outlet.
- MPLC – MPLC Umbrella Licence
The MPLC Umbrella Licence is an annual licence for use by groups and organisations who may use film in a non-theatrical environment and for non-paying audiences. It is an annual licence that allows unlimited showings of films throughout the year from the producers, film studios and distributors that MPLC represent. You can use your own DVD or download file purchased from any legitimate outlet.
If the film you want isn’t held by the BFI, Filmbankmedia or MPLC, it may be available from the title’s original, individual distributor in which case you will need to book it directly with them. This is particularly true of smaller independent films.
- To find out who the distributor of a film is and how to contact them, see our FAQs.
- For contact details for UK distributors, click here.
In some circumstances even if a film is available to buy or rent for home use, it doesn’t mean public screening rights are automatically available. The same stringent rights conditions apply to DVD and Blu-ray screenings as for DCP and 35mm screenings. Rights holders often only hold home entertainment licences and are unable to grant public screening rights on their DVD/Blu-ray titles. Clearing these rights for public screenings, particularly on older titles, can be a complex procedure sometimes involving liaising directly with a film’s producer or international sales agent. However, having said this, the explosion in available titles on DVD and Blu-ray has definitely increased access to a wider range of titles for the non-theatrical sector and expanded cultural programmers’ pool of available titles.
Films screened in schools or universities may be exempt from copyright licensing if they are screened as part of curricular activities, or are part of a particular curriculum, though films screened for extra-curricular purposes – e.g. as part of after-school clubs, university film societies or for fundraising purposes – do require additional licensing.
However, if you are a state school and wish to screen films to students outside of the curriculum, you may already be covered by a Filmbankmedia PVSL licence purchased by the Department of Education. Click here for details.
In the public domain?
Films over 50 years of age and for which there are no active rightsholders may be out of copyright, in which case you can screen them to the public without film copyright licensing. However, it can be hard to find out which films are truly out of copyright. See our FAQ for further details.
How the ICO can help
If you have any questions or require further information, please email firstname.lastname@example.org with details.
The ICO also provides a programming advice service to all film clubs and community cinemas in the UK, offering advice on film availability, release patterns, hire terms, formats, rights tracking information and accessing publicity materials. Please email email@example.com. We receive lots of enquiries and it takes us time to process them all, so please allow a week for your query to be answered.